Government policies and programs on Biodiversity


government policies and programs on biodiversity
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In 2001, the Indian government, under the ministry of environment, forest and climate change, enacted the national biodiversity act and notified Biological Diversity Rules in 2004, to give effect to the provisions of this Convention In 2003.

The national biodiversity authority, NBA was then set up in 2004. The vision of NBA is the conservation and sustainable use of India’s rich biodiversity and associated knowledge with people’s participation, ensuring the process of benefit sharing for well being of present and future generations. The mission of NBA is to ensure effective implementation of Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and the Biological Diversity Rules 2004 for conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of its components and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of utilization of genetic resources.  The Indian government has also made several acts and laws to conserve the biodiversity such the fisheries Act, 1897, Destructive Insects and Pests Act, 1914, The Indian Forest Act 1927 e.t.c


The government of the Netherlands has made several policies on the conservation of the biodiversity which includes:

Conserving and strengthening Dutch nature

The Dutch government wants to preserve and strengthen the Netherlands’ natural environment and biodiversity. Biological diversity refers to the wide variety of plants, animals and other living things, and to the ecosystems that they form. An ecosystem is made up of all living things in an area, and the interactions between them.

Countryside stewardship schemes

In the Netherlands, much of the farmland and countryside has great natural or landscape value. The provincial authorities want to consolidate these natural values. Farmers, nature organizations and other private landowners can get grants to manage the land in a nature-friendly way.

Conservation of major aquatic ecosystems
The Netherlands has several major aquatic ecosystems: the Waddenzee, the Southwestern Delta region, the IJsselmeer region, the North Sea, the coast and the major rivers. The government wants to safeguard the future of these aquatic ecosystems. It has published an exploratory policy paper, with others, setting out a long-term vision on aquatic conservation with a view to  2050-2100.

Green growth

The government is keen to reduce our environmental burden and our dependence on fossil fuels, while at the same time making the Netherlands more competitive. That’s why the government promotes ‘green growth’ – economic growth that does not have a negative impact on the environment. New technologies play a key role in driving green growth.

International protection of endangered species
International agreements on curbing trade in endangered plant and animal species are laid down in CITES. The Netherlands is a signatory to this convention.



The united kingdom is not loosing weight on the biodiversity issue as they have made several legislative efforts and policies to see the biodiversity survive.

The government of the united kingdom has put forward a strategy, Biodiversity 2020. It describes how they will stop the decline of biodiversity in England, in line with the global and EU commitments. It takes into account ‘Making space for nature’ (2010), a major review of England’s wildlife sites and ecological networks.

Bills and legislation passed by the united kingdom

The Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006 requires all public bodies to consider biodiversity conservation when carrying out their functions.

The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) sets out planning policies which local planning authorities should have regard to on biodiversity matters.


The EU Wildlife Trade Regulations relate to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). The UK Control of Trade in Endangered Species (Enforcement) Regulations (COTES) creates offences in relation to the EU regulations.



USAID aims to shape a future in which both people and biodiversity thrive via improvements in economic prosperity, social equity and environmental stewardship.

The Biodiversity Policy represents the strengthened commitment to conserve biodiversity through:
1. Strategic actions to conserve the world’s most important biodiversity, such as stamping out global wildlife trafficking.

2. A new focus on integrating biodiversity and other development sectors for improved  outcomes. The Policy recognizes that biodiversity loss can be driven by unsustainable development, that there are trade-offs between biodiversity conservation and development goals that must be understood and managed, and that biodiversity conservation itself can be a critical tool for achieving sustainable development.

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