Rhinoceros: The Endangered Species

The worlds last male white rhino is dead
Photo Credit: time.com


With a small brain that weighs 400-600kg, unusual for animals their size, the mammals are members of the family of the rhinoceros with thick protective skin made from collagen with one or two horns weighing a tone in weight. Rhinoceros is a name used for any of the five species (usually abbreviated as Rhino), two of which are native to Africa and three to southern Asia.

Rhinoceros are herbivorous; they generally eat leafy material, although their ability to ferment food in their hindgut allows them to subsist on more fibrous plant matter when necessary, although the two African species of rhinoceros lack teeth at the front of their mouths, relying instead on their lips to pluck food.

Hunting and poaching activities has altered the natural distribution of the rhino population. The horns of rhino are bought in the black market. By weight, rhino horns cost as much as gold on the black market. People grind up the horns and consume them, believing the dust has therapeutic properties. East Asia is the largest market for rhino horns. The IUCN Red List identifies the Black, Javan, and Sumatran rhinoceros as critically endangered.

Species


The world mourned over the death of the last male rhino in the world in the Ol Pajeta Conservation in Kenya
Photo Credit: flickr.com

There are two subspecies of white rhinoceros: the southern white rhinoceros and the northern white rhinoceros.  The white rhino has an immense body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. Females weigh 1,600 kg and males 2,400 kg. The world mourned over the death of the last male rhino in the world in the Ol Pajeta Conservation in Kenya


There are only four species of the black Rhinoceros
Photo Credit: streamafrica.com

There are four subspecies of black rhino: South-central, the most numerous, which once ranged from central Tanzania south through Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique to northern and eastern South Africa; South-western which are better adapted to the arid and semi-arid savannas of Namibia, southern Angola, western Botswana and western South Africa; East African, primarily in Tanzania; and West African which was declared extinct in November 2011.



Indian rhinoceros animal once inhabited many areas ranging from Pakistan to Myanmar and maybe even parts of China
Photo Credit: saveus.in

Indian rhinos once inhabited many areas ranging from Pakistan to Myanmar and maybe even parts of China. However, because of human influence, they now only exist in several protected areas of India and Nepal, with a few pairs in Lal Suhanra National Park in Pakistan


The Javan rhinoceros is one of the most endangered large mammals in the world
Photo Credit: Animalsake.com

The Javan rhinoceros is one of the most endangered large mammals in the world. According to 2015 estimates, only about 60 remain, in Java, Indonesia, all in the wild.


The endangered Sumatran rhinoceros is the smallest extant species of this family
Photo Credit: Rhinos.org

The Sumatran rhinoceros is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most hair. It can be found at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. Due to habitat loss and poaching, their numbers have declined and it has become the most threatened rhinoceros.


Reactions: