Poaching! Poachers, who are they?

Poaching, poachers, who are they? Poaching is the illegal hunting and capturing of wild animals
Photo Credit: theplaidzebra.com
Poaching is the illegal hunting and capturing of wild animals; usually to sell a part of their body in the black market for monetary gains or for meat by locals whose forest mass has been taken over by forest reserve and conservation with little or no animals to cover for the basic protein faction of their diet. Rhinos, elephants and leopards have been a major target  by poachers in the African region, this has led to drastic reduction in world's rhino population, although there is a  light of hope  that the rhino population will assume a reasonable figure in due time.

Poaching in all part of the world has been frowned at by Government at all levels, boosting their anti-poaching efforts to the maximum to curb the menace. The Philippines were the first country to destroy their national seized ivory stock In 2013. China came next as they destroyed six tons of ivory as a symbolic statement against poaching.  The international anti-poaching foundation has also played a major role in this fight.

wildlife poaching and trafficking of endangered species alarming
photo Credit: guardianlv.com

Who are the poachers?
Hunting  has been the main source of animal protein for tribal people, and is central to their identity. But where control of their land has been taken from them, such as when an area is made a national park, hunters suddenly become poachers.

Also, Organization and industries in need of animal products, seeks the professional help of hunters who hunt for commercial gains to carry out poaching. Then throwing up an employment space for poachers.

Poachers are not just the tribal people, professional hunters but also the organizations, industries and companies who pays and delegates hunters to poaching.

Poaching, poachers, who are they? Poaching is the illegal hunting and capturing of wild animals
photo Credit: noanimalpoaching.org

Effect of Poaching
1. Reduction of animal populations in the wild and possible extinction.
2. The effective size of protected areas is reduced as poachers use the edges of these areas as open-access resources.
3. Spread of Virus and diseases.
4. Wildlife tourism destinations face a negative publicity; those holding a permit for       wildlife-based land uses, tourism-based tour and lodging operators lose income; employment opportunities are reduced.

All these poaching effects can be summed up as economic, environmental, health and social effects. Poaching has been fought with great strength and force over the years and this should continue with renewed effort and strategy as the poachers get creative each day on how to go about their poaching stride with sophisticated weapons.
Endangered animals poaching might take us forever
Photo Credit: pri.org

The Unicorn of the sea, Narwhal.

The narwhal known as the unicorn of the sea, with a large long tusk protruding from the canine can live up to 50 years
Photo Credit: naturalhistoryonthenet.com

The narwhal with a large "tusk" from a protruding canine tooth is a medium-sized whale (Monodon monoceros), whose IUCN red list status is "least concern". It lives in the Arctic waters around Canada, Russia and Greenland. Males are distinguished by a long, straight, helical tusk, which is an elongated upper left canine. It is often called the unicorn of the sea.

Its total body size can range from 13 to 18 ft; the males are slightly larger than the females, with an avaerage adult weight of 800 to 1,600 kg.

The pigmentation of narwhals is a mottled pattern, with blackish-brown markings over a white background. They are darkest when born and become whiter with age; white patches develop on the navel and genital slit at sexual maturity. Old males may be almost pure white. Narwhals do not have a dorsal fin, possibly an evolutionary adaptation to swimming easily under ice. The tail flukes of female narwhals have front edges that are swept back, and those of males have front edges that are more concave and lack a sweep-back. This is thought to be an adaptation for reducing drag caused by the tusk.

The narwhal known as the unicorn of the sea, with a large long tusk protruding from the canine can live up to 50 years

Narwhals can live up to 50 years. Mortality occurs when the narwhals suffocate after they fail to leave before the surface of the Arctic waters freeze over in the late autumn.

Learn More basic facts about the Narwhals on Defenders

The Colorful Peacock spider ( jumping spider )

The peacock spiders belong to the spider genus of the family Salticidae, regarded as the jumping spiders.The Maratus spiders also known as the peacock spiders belong to the spider genus of the family Salticidae, regarded as the jumping spiders.

Maratus species are small spiders, with a total body length mostly around 4–5 mm, with a high degree of sexual dimorphism. They are known as Peacock Spiders, based on the peacock-like display of the dorsal (upper) surface of the abdomen of the males, on which there is a "plate" or "fan" of usually brightly colored and highly iridescent scales and hairs, often forming patterns in which the foreground colors contrast with the iridescent background. There may in addition be "flaps" or dense fringes of hairs at the sides of the abdomen, sometimes brightly colored. In both sexes, the abdomen is joined to the cephalothorax by a long and very flexible pedicel. This allows males to raise their abdomens, which may also be capable of being flattened and waved from side to side, thus emphasizing the appearance of the dorsal pattern. Not all species have colors that appear bright to human vision; Maratus vespertilio is relatively cryptically colored, with most iridescence on the lateral flaps. The abdominal display is used in courtship and, in at least one species, also in aggressive interactions with rival males. In almost all species, males have relatively long third legs, often brightly patterned, that are also used in courtship displays. Salticid spiders have excellent vision, with the ability to see in at least two colors: green and ultraviolet (UV). The male display includes vibratory signals in addition to visual ones. At least one species (Maratus fimbriatus) displays with its first pair of legs rather than its third pair. Some Maratus including Maratus calcitrans, Maratus digitatus and Maratus jactatus display with greatly enlarged and decorated spinnerets when their abdomen is elevated. One species from Cape Riche, Western Australia, in a region which is something of a hot-spot for Maratus species, does not use its abdomen in its display at all, instead using a combination of decorated third legs and its bright blue face and fluffy white pedipalps.

The Maratus spiders also known as the peacock spiders belong to the spider genus of the family Salticidae, regarded as the jumping spiders.

Male palpal bulbs are relatively simple in appearance, with a circular embolus, and are rather similar in different species. The palp usually has a simple retrolateral tibial apophysis with a blunt tip.

In contrast to the brightly coloured and distinctive males, females are cryptic or camouflaged in appearance, with mottled patterns of whitish and brownish scales. The epigyne is simple, with a pair of circular "windows" (fossae) to the front and a pair of oval spermathecae to the rear. The long and flexible pedicel allows females to rotate their abdomens by more than 180° during mating.

Find out five flashy fact about peacock spider

The Extinct Sea Scorpions (Eurypterids)

the sea scorpions, the extinct Eurypterids
Eurypterids, known as the sea scorpions got the name from the greek word "eury" meaning broad or wide, and "pteron" meaning wing.

Although they are called sea scorpions, only the earliest ones were marine, later ones lived in freshwater, and they were not true scorpions. According to theory, the move from the sea to fresh water had probably occurred by the Pennsylvanian subperiod. Some studies suggest that a dual respiratory system was present, which would allow short periods of time in terrestrial environments. Eurypterids are believed to have undergone ecdysis, making their significance in ecosystems difficult to assess, because it can be difficult to tell a fossil moult from a true fossil carcass. They became extinct during the Permian–Triassic extinction event.

The earliest discovered eurypterid fossil was unearthed in the fossil-rich Siluric rocks of New York

Eurypterids have been regarded as relatives of the horseshoe crabs, together forming a group called Merostomata. Subsequent studies placed eurypterids closer to the arachnids in a group called Metastomata. They have also been regarded as relatives to scorpions, since they look like them.

Find out five facts about the Sea Scorpion on imgur.com

Save and conserve the biodiversity

Save and conserve the biodiversity, biodiversity, save, conserve, conservation, IUCN, endangered.
Biodiversity has been distinctively defined as the variety of animals and plant in the worlds global system. Biodiversity is such an imperative part of the global system, it holds all forms of life from small living organism to the crawling animals, walking and jumping animals, to the flying animals.

Biodiversity  includes  other important things and services such as cultural, recreational, and spiritual nourishment that play an important role in maintaining our personal life as well as social life.

Over the years, activities ranging from indescrimate killings, hunting, poarching, bush fire and fumigation has been a strong cause of concern has it has drastically reduced the population of animals and plants alike. These activies puts the animlas in a spot where their life stands on a knife edge.

Alot of animals and plants have gone extinct and more are going extinct, with a good number of animals being drawn to the endangered and critically endangered status of the international union of conservation of nature.

it became quite pertinent ad imperative to save biodiversity and ensure continuity in a bid to promote a natural balance in the global system, because the inter-dependency status of animals and plants is quite evident and strong that it can not be allowed to slack.

Saving the biodiversity is a ball that every individual, organisation and governement have to take up and uphold. Over the years there has been conservation programmmes like the West Visayas Biodiversity Conservation Programme and the world bank biodiversity Conservation Project and alot more,  yet more still needs to be done. The World is growing at an alarming rate and technology is the mother of these growth, which is been fueled by natuaral products, from the land and sea, which are actually some of the products of animals and plants. Some of these products are indescrimately gotten, through paorching, hunting, tree felling, bush fire e.t.c

We have done alot to save the biodiversity but we still need to do more, as its fate rest on our shoulders, yes, it does! on you and i.

The most dangerous ant in the world, (Bulldog Ant)

The most dangerous ant in the world
Photo Credit: animalspot.net
The most dangerous ant in the world is the

bulldog ant (Myrmecia pyriformis) found in

coastal regions in Australia.

In attack it uses its sting and jaws simultaneously. There have been

at least three human fatalities since 1936, the

latest a Victorian farmer in 1988.

The most dangerous ant in the world is the bull dog ant
Photo Credit: animalspot.net

The bull dog ant earned its name because of its ferocity and determination during an attack. It is extremely aggressive and shows little fear of human beings, stinging a number of times in quick succession and therefore injecting more venom with each bite. In an attack, the ant will hold on to its victim with long, toothed mandibles, curl its body under heath and thrust its long barbless sting into the skin. On a few occasions this sting has been enough to kill adults within 15 minutes.

Body length = 20 mm (0.07 in)
Weight = 0.015 g (0.0005 oz)
Lifespan = 21 days
Discovered = 1793.

10 Ways to Prevent Birds From Striking Your Windows

10 Ways to Prevent Birds From Striking Your Windows

Migrating birds are magnificent. May 12 marked World Migratory Bird Day, and this year’s theme is to celebrating how we can protect birds every day of the year.

One critical step for conservation is helping birds avoid striking the windows of our homes, since millions of birds die this way every year.

Place decals no more than two to four inches apart, since birds may try to fly through larger gaps. The idea is to make windows look like barriers. Commercial stickers with designs intended to scare birds away — like spiderwebs or the faces of predators can be effective.

You may think you’re giving your plants a treat by placing them in direct sunlight, but birds could be attracted to them and not notice the pane of glass directly in front of them.

At least partially close curtains in front of sunny windows to reduce reflections. This has the added benefit of keeping your home cooler during the hot months.

If a bird sees the reflection of your bird feeder in the window, it may go for that instead of the actual feeder. Alternatively, attach the feeders to the window with suction cups.

External screens can break up reflections or at least slow birds down before they hit the glass. Many new homes are built with screens on the outside nowadays. Netting might not look aesthetically pleasing, but it is one of the most effective ways to deter birds.

If you don’t want to install netting or screens, consider other objects that will scare birds away Shiny and reflective items like tin foil, aluminum pie pans or strips from a garbage bag should do the trick, letting birds know to stay from the scary, moving material.

ABC Bird Tape is one tape that is easy to apply and remove. Applying tape will help reduce the possibility of a bird crashing into your home during spring and fall migrations.

This is an option if you are building or remodeling a home. Ornilux bird-safe glass has a special layer reflecting a UV spectrum that is visible to birds but not to people.

Growing trees near glass reduces the likelihood of bird strikes by obscuring reflections on the window panes.

Slatted screens will change the open reflective panes of your windows into patterned panels, thereby reducing the risk of bird strikes.

Article First Published in Care2.com

Canada Comes Closer to Banning Whale and Dolphin Captivity

Canada Comes Closer to Banning Whale and Dolphin Captivity

After years of delays, animal advocates are again hopeful that Canadian lawmakers will move to pass legislation banning whale and dolphin captivity.

The legislation, Ending the Captivity of Whales and Dolphins Act (S-203), would effectively phase out captivity by banning captive breeding, imports, exports and live captures of all whales, dolphins and porpoises in Canada, with exceptions for situations involving the rescue of injured animals. While it will grandfather in whales and dolphins who are already in captivity, including dozens of belugas and dolphins, and Kiska, Canada’s lone captive orca, it will ensure no others suffer the way they have in the future.

The bill was first introduced in 2015 by Senator Wilfred Moore, who at the time cited a number of reasons behind his effort from social isolation and stress caused by captivity, in addition to calling the process of removing of individuals from the wild “disturbing.”

Moore has since reached the mandatory age for retirement, and sponsorship of the bill has been handed over to Senator Murray Sinclair. Unfortunately, despite widespread support from the public, animal advocacy organizations and scientists, it’s continued to be blocked by other senators.

“The whole delay thing has not helped the image of the Senate…,” said Moore. “But there’s a lot of very solid public and Parliamentary support for this bill, on both sides of the aisle. We have the best marine scientists from across the globe supporting the bill either in person, written brief, or by videoconference. Clearly the Canadian public is with us. There’s no doubt about that, so we’re not going anywhere. We’re in this. We believe in what we’re doing.”

Now, however, supporters are celebrating progress that’s finally being made. At the end of April, the bill’s report was finally adopted by the Senate clearing the way for it move forward.

While those currently in captivity may never be able to enjoy the freedom they should have in the wild, this groundbreaking legislation will help empty the tanks, and set the stage for a future where we work to protect them in the wild where they belong.

If the Senate passes it, the bill will then go to the House of Commons for final passage, making it more important than ever to speak up in support.

Article First Published on Care2.com

Victory! British Columbia Bans Declawing Cats

Animal advocates are celebrating another major victory for cats in British Columbia with a ban on declawing that went into effect immediately.

While declawing remains a controversial topic, the fact remains that it isn’t a simple procedure that merely removes a cat’s nails. Rather, the procedure, which is formally known as an onychectomy, involves surgically removing the last joint in a cat’s toe to which the nail is attached. For cats, it’s a ten-toe amputation.

While many cats find themselves the victims of this procedure because they scratch furniture — or us – their advocates point out that this is a natural behavior, whether we like it or not.

If cats are declawed, they might not be able to scratch anymore, but they may also turn to other unwanted behaviors — like avoiding the litter box and biting as a defense. Even worse, they may have to live with harmful side effects like chronic pain for the rest of their lives as a result of the procedure.

The College of Veterinarians of B.C. (CVBC), which just implemented the ban, called the procedure “ethically problematic,” adding that it is “not an appropriate means of dealing with feline behaviour issues,” and that “No medical conditions or environmental circumstances of the cat owner justify the declawing of domestic cats.”

“There is a consensus among the public and within our profession that declawing cats is an inhumane treatment and ethically unacceptable, similar to other outdated practices such as tail docking and ear cropping,” said CVBC CEO Luisa Hlus.

The ban went into effect immediately, and will only allow for the procedure in cases where it’s medically necessary to treat an underlying condition that would actually benefit a cat. Any veterinarians who violate the ban will be investigated and face disciplinary action.

Fortunately, progress continues to be made on this issue in Canada and elsewhere. It’s already been banned in several countries around the world, and British Columbia is now the second province in the nation to ban declawing following Nova Scotia, which banned the practice last year.

In the U.S. several cities have banned the practice, while states including California, New York and New Jersey have introduced legislation that would make it illegal statewide.

While animal advocates continue to push for more bans on this inhumane practice, they’re also working to educate people about the inherent cruelty involved in declawing, as well as safe and effective alternatives, like Sticky Paws, scratching posts and nail caps.

Article First Published in Care2.com

Success! The EU Is Banning Bee-Killing Pesticides

For years, the troubling bee die-off has been connected to the use of certain pesticides, but chemical companies and big agriculture have prevented significant action. Finally, however, Europe has decided enough is enough. The European Union has voted to permanently ban three insecticides known to kill bees, set to take effect within six months.

Moving forward, European nations will not allow three popular neonicotinoids, clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam, to be sprayed on fields. Although the EU previously had a partial ban on using these particular pesticides on flowering plants that are particularly attractive to bees, that step was deemed insufficient given the continued harm they did to the bee population.

This news is undoubtedly exciting for the over 125,000 people who signed this Care2 petition encouraging the EU to ban these insecticides. Protecting bees, insects and migratory birds.

“This is a major victory for science, common sense and our under-threat bees,” said Emi Murphy, a bee advocate from Friends of the Earth. “The evidence that neonicotinoid pesticides pose a threat to our bees is overwhelming.”

As expected, pesticide advocates are displeased with the EU’s decision, claiming that the nations will come to regret harming farmers by taking away this “vital tool.”

It’s not that EU representatives are denying that eliminating these pesticides could have an impact on crop production, rather that finding other solutions for dealing with pests is necessary to create a system of sustainable farming. While pests kill crops, crops can’t be pollinated without bees, so striking a balance is critical.

While the U.S.’s environmental authorities are actively trying to take science out of the equation, the EU is doing the opposite and deciding to let the wealth of scientific evidence guide its policy. Last month, the EU Food Safety Agency confirmed that all science points to neonicotinoids being a leading killer to the wild bee population, with over 1,500 separate studies resulting in similar findings.

One major exception to the new ban is that these pesticides may continue to be used indoors, since research has not linked internal use, including within greenhouses, to poor bee health. Flea medicine for pets may also contain some neonicotinoids.

Eco-activists are understandably concerned that these exceptions could still allow these chemicals to enter the water stream and do damage, however removing them from fields, where they are primarily used, is still a major accomplishment

This Article was first published in Care2.com

The Beautiful Endangered Palila

Endangered Birds and Animals

The palila (Loxioides bailleui) is a critically endangered finch-billed species of Hawaiian honeycreeper. It has a golden-yellow head and breast, with a light belly, gray back, and greenish wings and tail. The bird has a close ecological relationship with the māmane tree, and became endangered due to destruction of the trees and accompanying dry forests.

Endangered Birds and Animals
Photo Credit: abcbirds.org

The palila has a yellow head and breast, with white to light gray plumage ventrally, medium gray plumage dorsally, and olive-green wings and tail. The bird also has a heavy dark bill with swollen sides, a brown iris, and dark feet with yellowish soles. The palila is one of the largest living Hawaiian honeycreepers, measuring around 6–7.5 inches.

Endangered Birds and Animals
Phot Credit: abcbirds.org

There is some sexual dimorphism. Males tend to have brighter colors overall, as well as clear-cut black lores. The corresponding area contrasts less with the dirty-yellow heads in the marginally smaller females.

The bird's song is inconspicuous, containing whistling, warbling and trilling notes. The call is characteristic, however, being a clear, bell-like whistle, chee-clee-o or te-cleet. This is loudly communicated between birds advertising food during the morning and evening, and according to native informants, it is given most frequently during the day as rain approaches.

Should the UK’s failed badger cull policy be abandoned?

The cost of policing the controversial badger cull in just one of the 21 zones last autumn approached the £1m mark – the equivalent of more than £1,000 for every animal killed there.

Objectors to the cull described the bill for Cheshire as a horrendous waste of public money and called for the policy to be scrapped on economic as well as animal cruelty grounds.

The zone in Cheshire was one of 11 new areas where the cull, which is designed to help eradicate bovine TB in cattle, took place in the autumn of 2017.

In January, a member of the organisation Wounded Badger Patrol asked Cheshire police under freedom of information legislation how much the operation for policing the cull – codenamed Operation Aviator – cost.

At first the force said it did not hold the information but a member of the patrol, appealed, writing: “Having been out in the cull zone five nights a week and the police liaison for one of the groups, I know how many police officers were taken off normal duties … as well as seeing the number of police in cars/riot vans out each night of the cull period.”

Last month the force apologised for not providing the information and revealed it had charged the Home Office £831,000 for the badger cull operation.

According to government figures, 736 badgers were killed in the Cheshire zone in 2017 over 48 days. In all, there were 21 cull zones in England in 2017 involving seven police force areas.

A spokesperson for Wounded Badger Patrol said: “While the figure is staggeringly large, we’re not surprised. Out on Wounded Badger Patrol every night, we could see just how much police time and resources were going into policing the cull, and what a waste of taxpayers’ money it was.

“During a time of economic austerity it’s shocking that not far short of a million pounds of taxpayers’ money can be found to police the government’s badger cull in Cheshire.”

Jay Tiernan, of the Stop the Cull group, said: “We think everyone should be asking how is this policy delivering its forecast of saving money.” Stop the Cull will be asking its supporters to contact the National Audit Office and request an investigation.

Dominic Dyer, CEO of the Badger Trust, called the bill in Cheshire “horrendous”, adding: “The badger cull is becoming the most expensive wildlife destruction policy in British history.

“To date we estimate that the government has spent over £50m of public funds killing just over 35,000 badgers. If the badger cull is massively expanded as [the environment secretary] Michael Gove plans, we could see public costs spiral to over £100m by 2020.”

A government spokesperson said the average cost of policing each zone had declined significantly year on year and it expected the same to happen in Cheshire.

The spokesperson said: “Bovine TB is the greatest animal health threat to the UK and costs taxpayers more than £100m each year.”

This article was first published by The Guardian on May 2018.

Park Owner Mauled By a Lion in Marakele animal sanctuary, Thabazimbi.

Park Owner Mauled By a Lion in Marakele animal sanctuary, Thabazimbi.

A British wildlife park owner has been mauled by a male lion in South Africa after entering its enclosure. Mike Hodge was pounced on by the lion as he tried to leave through a gate. Video footage showed him being dragged off towards bushes.

Onlookers could be heard screaming during the incident at Marakele animal sanctuary in Thabazimbi. It was reported that Hodge entered the lion’s enclosure over concerns about a smell in the compound that was bothering it.

A South African police spokesman, Lt Col Moatshe Ngoepe, told News24 that Hodge had sustained injuries to his neck and jaw in the incident on Monday.

“The owner was immediately taken to hospital with serious injuries. He is currently recuperating,” he said.

The animal park’s website says Mike and Chrissy Hodge moved to South Africa from the UK in 1999 and opened their lion project in 2003.

Realising there was a need for a tourist attraction closer to the town of Thabazimbi, they eventually opened the Marakele sanctuary in December 2010.

A friend who did not want to be named told the Sun: “He is no fool around lions and knows how to interact with them, but clearly something went wrong.”

This article was first published by The Guardian on 01 May 2018.

Largest ever study of gorillas and chimpanzees finds more than expected, But their future remains in peril with worrying declines

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Results from the largest ever research study of gorillas and chimpanzees in Western Equatorial Africa show population numbers higher than first believed. The survey found there are one-third  more western lowland gorillas and one-tenth more central chimpanzees than previous estimates.

Dedicated researchers walked more than 5,400 miles—equal in distance from New York to London—including traveling through some of Africa’s most remote forests, to gather these results.

This is certainly good news. However, their future cannot be taken for granted.

The vast majority of these great apes— 80 percent—live outside of protected areas. Gorilla populations are declining by nearly 3 percent every year. Almost one-fifth of the great ape population was lost between the years of 2005-2013 alone. Great apes also have extremely slow reproductive rates making even slight declines potentially very damaging to overall populations.

All of this means that despite finding more individuals, these gorillas and chimpanzees are at great risk.

Efforts must be made to stop poaching, illegal logging and habitat destruction, the main threats facing great apes. Critically, the study results confirmed that in areas where wildlife rangers were present—particularly in protected areas with intact forests—both gorillas and chimpanzees could thrive, further proving the significance of such protection.

chimpanzees huggingWestern lowland gorilla

Of all the 14 living great apes, western lowland gorillas and central chimpanzees have the largest remaining populations. But their habitat is also home to natural resources facing huge local and global demand. Many of these areas are still unprotected, putting the wildlife that live there in grave danger. The next few years will prove critical as work is done to protect this beloved species and safeguard its habitat for both wildlife and local communities.

The newly published paper was written by 54 co-authors from several organizations and government agencies, including WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), WWF, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Jane Goodall Institute, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) – Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE), Lincoln Park Zoo, and the Universities of Stirling and Washington, and involved the protected area authorities of five countries.

Researchers collected field data during foot surveys carried out over a 10-year period across the range of both western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and central chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes troglodytes) surveying an area of 72,000 square miles—equivalent to the size of the state of Washington—and including some of the most remote forests on the African continent.

Article First Published in Worldwildlife

The Tufted Deer with the vampire fang

Where do tufted deers live? The tufted deer occurs across southern and south-eastern China to eastern Tibet and into northern Myanmar.
Photo Credit: Popsci.com
The tufted deer is a small species of deer characterized by a prominent tuft of black hair on its forehead and fang-like canines for the males. It is a close relative of the muntjac, living somewhat further north over a wide area of central China northeastern Myanmar.

Where do tufted deers live? The tufted deer occurs across southern and south-eastern China to eastern Tibet and into northern Myanmar. E. c. cephalophus is the most westerly of the subspecies, ranging from north-eastern Myanmar into south-western China.

Where do tufted deers live? The tufted deer occurs across southern and south-eastern China to eastern Tibet and into northern Myanmar.
Photo Credit: funnyand.com

The tufted deer is similar to a muntjac in appearance, but the longer necks and legs give it a slightly leaner appearance. The coat is coarse with short and stiff hairs, being almost black in the winter and chocolate brown in the summer. The lips, tip of the ears, and the underside of the tails are white. A tuft of horseshoe-shaped hair is present on the forehead and upper neck, being brown to black.

The most striking feature of this deer is the fang-like canines in the males of the species. These can grow up to 2.6 cm long.

The tufted deer is small but still larger than most muntjac species. It stands at 50–70 centimetres at the shoulder, and the weight varies from 17 to 30 kilograms. The tail is short at around 10 cm. The antler is only present in males and is extremely short, almost hidden by its long tuft of hair.

Where do tufted deers live? The tufted deer occurs across southern and south-eastern China to eastern Tibet and into northern Myanmar.
Photo Credit: news.nationalgeographic.com

The tufted deer is mainly solitary or found in pairs. It travels in fixed routes about its territory, which is vigorously defended by the males. It is a timid animal and prefer places with good cover, where it is well camouflaged. It can be easily disturbed and, when alarmed, it will let out a bark before fleeing, moving in cat-like jumps.

The Tufted deer mating season occurs between September and December, during which the loud barks males make could be easily heard. The gestation period lasts about 6 months and a litter of 1–2 is born in early summer. The young becomes sexually mature at the age of 1–2 years, and could live up to 10–12 years in the wild.

Check the IUCN status of the Tufted Deer (Near Threatened)

 Find more of theTufted Deer  Facts

5 Remarkable Animal Moms

The animal kingdom is flush with extraordinary parents

It’s important to remember humans aren’t the only ones who take extraordinary steps to protect, nurture and raise their young. The animal kingdom is flush with moms that take the time to teach their babies how to find food and protect themselves against the elements. Here’s a look at five outstanding animal mothers going the extra mile for their young:

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1. Orangutan
The bond between an orangutan mother and her young is one of the strongest in nature. During the first two years of life, the young rely entirely on their mothers for both food and transportation. The moms stay with their young for six to seven years, teaching them where to find food, what and how to eat and the technique for building a sleeping nest. Female orangutans are known to “visit” their mothers until they reach the age of 15 or 16.

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2. Polar Bear
Attentive polar bear mothers usually give birth to twin cubs that stick by her for about two years to learn the necessary survival skills in the cold climate. The mothers den by digging into deep snow drifts, creating a space protected from the elements. They usually give birth between November and January and keep the cubs warm and healthy using their body heat and milk. The cubs leave the den in March and April to get used to outside temperatures before learning to hunt.

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3. African Elephant
When it comes to African elephants, a new mom is not alone in guiding her young. Elephants live in a matriarchal society, so other females in the social group help a calf to its feet after birth and show the baby how to nurse. The older elephants adjust the pace of the herd so the calf can keep stride. By watching the adults, the calf learns which plants to eat and how to access them. The females regularly make affectionate contact with the calf.

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4. Cheetah
Cheetah mothers raise their young in isolation. They move their litter—usually two to six cubs—every four days to prevent a build-up of smell that predators can track. After 18 months of training as hunters, the cheetah cubs finally leave their mothers. The cubs then form a sibling group that will stay together for another six months.

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5. Emperor Penguin
After laying an egg, the mother emperor penguin leaves it with a male who protects the fragile hard shell from the elements. The mother then travels up to 50 miles to reach the ocean and fish. She later returns to the hatching site to regurgitate the food to the newly hatched chicks. Using the warmth of her own brood pouch, the mother keeps the chick warm and safe.

Article First Published in Worldwildlife.org

Check This Out!

check this outWow! Miwildlife made it to the top 50 wild life blogs on Blog Feedspot.
Mi wild life team is obligated to bring to the world, wild life News, articles, videos and stories, including rare tales of the rare animals in the deepest of the deeps and wildest of the wilds.

Check out top 50 Wild Life Blogs in the world

Top 10 Wild Life Blogs

Top 10 Wild Life Blogs
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plantsfungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.

Wildlife can be found in all ecosystemsDesertsforests, rain forests, plainsgrasslands and other areas including the most developed urban areas, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that much wildlife is affected by human activities.

Top 10 Wild Life Blogs, elephant

Individuals (wild life bloggers) and organisation (wild life organisation) who feel the necessity to share, conserve, promote and educate the world on wild life animals, their life styles, feeding habits and their IUCN status and more, have given their time effortlessly to do researchs and write articles that both are educative and enlightening. Over the years there has been alot of wild life organisations, blogs and website, upholding and promoting wildlife stories, updates, news and conservation.

Here are a list of some of the top wildlife blogs in the world 
1. Focusing on Wild life

2. Defenders of Wild Life Blog

3. The Guardian - WildLife

4. Google News - Wild Life

5. Reddit Wild Life

6. Global Wild life Conservation

7. Act for Wildlife

8. Wild Life Trusts

9. National Wild Life Refuge Association

10. Yorkshire Wild Life

The Blue Coua

Image result for About The Blue CouaThe blue coua is a species of bird in the cuckoo (Cuculidae) family. It is endemic to the island of Madagascar.

The bird's feathers are a deep blue and there is a distinctive blue oval area around the eye which is free of feathers. Like all cuckoos they have large feet, with a reversible third toe. It has a bulky silhouette and short, broad wings and long tail, all of which can be seen when gliding between trees. The average size of the birds is 48 to 50 cm (18.9 to 19.7 in) in length and 30 to 60 grams (1.1 to 2.1 ounces) in weight with the females slightly larger. The calls are evenly spaced ″koa koa koa″ notes and a brief ″brreee″.

This species can be found in the forests of north-western and eastern areas of Madagascar and is considered to be common

This species is reported to be common in suitable habitat and its population trend appears stable. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has classified the conservation status of this bird as of least concern.

Find Out More About The Blue Couca on Bird Life

The indri (lemur)

The indri also called the babakoto, is one of the largest living lemurs, with a head-and-body length of about 64–72 cm (25–28 in) and a weight of between 6 to 9.5 kg (13 to 21 lb). It has a black and white coat and maintains an upright posture when climbing or clinging. It is monogamous and lives in small family groups, moving through the canopy, and is purely herbivorous, feeding mainly on leaves but also seeds, fruits, and flowers. The groups are quite vocal, communicating with other groups by singing, roaring and other vocalisations.

Indri, babakotoIt is a diurnal tree-dweller related to the sifakas and, like all lemurs, it is native to Madagascar. It is revered by the Madagascan peoples and plays an important part in their myths and legends with various stories in existence accounting for its origin. The main threats faced by the indri are habitat destruction and fragmentation due to slash and burn agriculture, fuelwood gathering, and logging. It is also hunted despite taboos against this. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as "critically endangered".

Indris reach sexual maturity between the ages of 7 and 9. Females bear offspring every two to three years, with a gestation period around 120–150 days. The single infant is usually born in May or June. The mother is the primary caregiver, though the father assists, remaining with his mate and offspring. Infants are born mostly or completely black and begin to show white coloration (if any) between four and six months of age. The infant clings to its mother's belly until it is four or five months old, at which time it is ready to move onto her back. The indri begins to demonstrate independence at eight months, but it will not be fully independent from its mother until it is at least two years old.

Find out five interesting facts about the Indri

POLL: Should Trump’s administration reinstate protection for migratory birds?

Energy companies will benefit at the expense of birds, now that the Department of the Interior has limited how the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service can enforce the Migratory Bird Treaty Act going forward.

For a century, the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, or MBTA, has made it illegal for anyone to “take, possess, import, export, transport, sell, purchase, barter or offer for sale, purchase, or barter, any migratory bird, or the parts, nests, or eggs of such a bird except under the terms of a valid permit issued pursuant to Federal regulations.”

The MBTA has been interpreted to prohibit both intentional and incidental “takes” for a long time. “Takes” mean harm to birds that’s done either on purpose or as an effect of some other activity. But a new memorandum from the Department of the Interior has dropped any enforcement of incidental takes.

The DOI memo from the Office of the Solicitor — DOI’s legal arm — found that “consistent with the text, history, and purpose of the MBTA, the statute’s prohibitions on pursuing, hunting, taking, capturing, killing, or attempting to do the same apply only to affirmative actions that have as their purpose the taking or killing of migratory birds, their nests, or their eggs.”

Interestingly, in January 2017, Obama-era DOI Solicitor Hilary Tompkins issued an opinion which concluded that “the MBTA’s broad prohibition on taking and killing migratory birds by any means and in any manner includes incidental taking and killing.”

Then, a month later, that opinion was “suspended pending review.” And months later, the December 2017 memo — Memorandum M-370501, or the “M-Opinion,” signed by Principal Deputy Solicitor Daniel Jorjani — completely reversed the earlier stance.

The USFWS, therefore, will no longer criminally pursue anyone for taking or killing migratory birds, if it happens coincidentally with actions that ostensibly had a different purpose. Let’s see how that plays out in the real world.

As it turns out, you can avoid enforcement problems simply by not caring at all what harm comes to birds that are in the way of your project. Consider the Frequently Asked Questions section of an April 11, 2018 guidance document issued to assist in understanding the December memo:

FAQ #1(b): A homeowner knows that Chimney Swifts are nesting in their chimney. If the homeowner lights a fire and destroys the nests, is this considered intentional take or incidental take under the M-Opinion?

The answer depends on intent. If the homeowner intends to light a fire to warm the house, no problem if the birds die or abandon their nests. If the fire is lit to get rid of the birds, it’s prohibited.

Here’s the rub. That homeowner can be fully aware tha this fire will kill those birds. Secretly, that could be the whole point of lighting the fire in the fireplace. Unfortunately, so long as he can articulate a reasonable alternate rationale for the fire, he’s home free.

Now extrapolate that concept to oil, gas, electric, solar, construction development and similar companies. These are the entities most often fined for MBTA violations in the past, according to the Washington Post. A full 90 percent of MBTA violation enforcement was carried out against oil companies, according to an Audubon Society analysis.

Power companies can take down active osprey nests on power poles, for example. It doesn’t matter if there are eggs, or even hatchlings, present at the time. If the purpose of doing so is to access the lines for power work, that’s the only rationale necessary.

What they can’t do is first remove the nests in preparation for the work — the harm has to happen incidental to the actual work. That’s pretty easy to arrange, don’t you think? Destroy at will, everyone. You have nothing to fear any more, as far as MBTA criminal action is concerned.

“After years of working with this, I’m very concerned about the direction the enforcement is headed,” Jim Elliott, director of South Carolina’s Center for Birds of Prey, told the Post and Courier. “It was hard enough to get the regulations followed when it was clearly illegal. But this makes it impossible.”

Steven Osofsky, Jay Hyman Professor of Wildlife Health and Health Policy at the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine, didn’t mince words when he told YubaNet:

Another federal norm is scrambled like an egg, reversing decades of precautionary policy while rewarding, for example, the energy sector, comprised of those companies (anyone remember BP and Deepwater Horizon?) most likely to have been subjected to penalties under normal enforcement of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, which turned 100 this year.

If there’s anything positive to say about this development, it’s that we’re dealing only with an agency’s legal opinion — not with an actual change to the law itself. Interpretations vary. This one can change back again when a different administration is in charge.

Is anyone surprised that the Trump administration is stepping in to change the way we’ve enforced environmental laws for decades in order to protect and promote industry? Big business cheers while the environment winces. Again.

Take Action!

Urge President Donald Trump to reverse the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s decision and prosecute energy companies whose inaction or negligence result in the death of protected species. Add your name to this Care2 petition to protect migratory birds.

First Published by Care2.com on 01 May 2018.


Born and raised in Madagascar

Madagascar is considered to be one of the, if not the most, precious reservoir of life on our planet. Some 90% of its fauna and flora is endemic to the island, meaning these species are only found in Madagascar. Its lilies have cancer-curing properties, and its deep tropical forest (and the savannah-like mainland, and mountainous regions) still hold more secrets than they have actually yielded. And that’s just on one island. Just imagine what biodiversity can do.

The Plan A team could not resist sharing with you the large-scale cuteness episode we have witnessed during our research on lemurs. Watch out, weak hearts will melt. And remind you to give to our live campaign!

1. The Madagascar Long-Eared Owl
Long eared owl in Madagascar
Also called Madagascar owl, for the obvious reason that it is from there. It is the largest owl in the island, and most definitely the furriest one. Its audition is so sharp that it can hunt in complete darkness. Very unlucky for insects and other rodents not weary enough at night. Finally, and extremely importantly, she keeps her little babies safe and warm in her incredible ramage (coat). Owls are just too good at what they do.

2. The Panther Chameleon
Panther Chameleon colours
Now, this is a weird one. The Panther Chameleon has the largest colour palette of all the chameleons (and thus of the animal kingdom). They are also larger than your average Joe chameleon. Because of these attributes, it is very sought after by reptile keepers and traffickers. It hunts and traps its prey using its crazy extensile sticky tongue. Without any trace of tongue in cheek (unlike this guy), this is the most special looking living thing we’ve met. Maybe ever.

3. The IndriIndri lemur fruit

Madagascar is renowned for being home to cat-like primates called lemurs (but you know that by now). Among the 100+ different species of lemurs, the indri is the largest of all. Indris inhabit in the rainforests in the eastern part of Madagascar, along the Ankeniheny-Zahamena corridor so key to Madagascar’s biodiversity. They measure (without the tail) between 50-75 cm and weigh up to 10 kg. However, they are gravely endangered, due to bushmeat hunting, loss of habitat and illegal pet trade. Their population passed under the 10,000 threshold last year. The Indri is one of the species NPI is protecting. Donate now to our live campaign to help them.

Indris are renowned for their frequent high pitched calls. These calls are loud enough to be heard from miles away. Indris have powerful legs and big toes that give a strong grip on grabbing the branches of trees. This amazing lemur can cross a distance up to 10 metres in a single jump, or better said 20 times their height. How far can you jump?

4. The Blue CouaBlue Coua

Madagascar Island is home to almost 250 different species of birds, of which 44% of them are endemic. One such endemic bird is the blue coua, a type of cuckoo. Their striking deep blue plumage covers almost all of their bodies. Unfortunately, this beautiful bird of Madagascar may go extinct in the near future due to hunting. As can all members of this list if a nationwide effort in favour of habitats and biodiversity if nothing is done for biodiversity in Madagascar.

5. The Tomato Frog
Tomato frog Madagascar amphibianDon’t try and eat them! It’s just the colour. Tomato frogs are named for their vibrant orange-red coloured skin. Only the female frogs have such a tomato-like colouration. The male frogs look duller. Tomato frogs dwell in swamps, shallow pools and wetter parts of the island. In reality, their colouration is actually a warning to their predators, although they are not as toxic as they let on. When threatened, their skin produces a thick, sticky fluid to deter snakes and other predators that would want a piece of this vegetable.

There are more than 13,000 species on Madagascar, and we are far from the final count.

These are small examples of the beauty and magic that happen in the deep of the forest on the Red Island. The twin problems of poverty and biodiversity loss require a national and international relief effort. The fauna and flora of Madagascar are of invaluable worth to the global community, and to future generations. Whether it is because they are beautiful, or because they have special powers and benefits, these species amount to incredibly complex ecosystems, that should be preserved at all cost.

Published on PlanA.Earth.

What do you know about the Barreleyes?

Image result for BarreleyeBarreleyes, also known as spook fish (a name also applied to several species of chimaera). These fish are named because of their barrel-shaped, tubular eyes, which are generally directed upwards to detect the silhouettes of available prey; however, according to Robison and Reisenbichler, these fish are capable of directing their eyes forward, as well.

All species have large, telescoping eyes, which dominate and protrude from the head, but are enclosed within a large transparent dome of soft tissue. These eyes generally gaze upwards, but can also be directed forwards. The opisthoproctid eye has a large lens and a retina with an exceptionally high complement of rod cells and a high density of rhodopsin (the "visual purple" pigment); no cone cells are present. To better serve their vision, barreleyes have large, dome-shaped, transparent heads; this presumably allows the eyes to collect even more incident light and likely protects the sensitive eyes from the nematocysts (stinging cells) of the siphonophores, from which the barreleye is believed to steal food.

What little is known of barreleye reproduction indicates they are pelagic spawners; that is, eggs and sperm are released en masse directly into the water. The fertilized eggs are buoyant and planktonic; the larvae and juveniles drift with the currents—likely at much shallower depths than the adults—and upon metamorphosis into adult form, they descend to deeper waters. Dolichopteryx species are noted for their paedomorphic features, the result of neoteny (the retention of larval characteristics).

Find out more 30 facts about the Barreleyes.

Visitors to China Zoo Kill Kangaroo That Wouldn’t Jump

Some really despicable visitors to the Fuzhou Zoo in China last month were unhappy with the inactive kangaroos that were resting inside their enclosure. The group wanted to see those kangaroos jump, so they began pelting them with bricks and chunks of concrete.

When zoo employees saw what was happening, they didn’t escort these abusers to the exit or notify authorities and have them arrested for animal cruelty. Nor did they do anything to protect the kangaroos. No, an attendant simply told these losers to stop throwing the rocks, which they denied doing.

This wasn’t even the first time the kangaroos had been pelted with objects. Employees had previously removed a rock display near the enclosure, but visitors could still find bricks, concrete chunks and rocks elsewhere in the zoo.

Zookeepers were reportedly shocked when they checked on the kangaroos sometime later. A 12-year-old female kangaroo’s foot was smashed and nearly severed. She wasn’t able to move.

“It showed that it was in deep pain,” a zoo veterinarian told the Shanghai news website The Paper. “But it wasn’t clear where the pain was.”

Apparently the zoo did not take any X-rays find out where the pain was, either. The veterinarian would have been able to see the kangaroo’s major internal injuries caused by the bricks.

After suffering for a few days and receiving medication from an intravenous drip, the poor kangaroo died from profuse internal bleeding. An autopsy showed that one of her kidneys had ruptured.

A few weeks later, a 5-year-old kangaroo at the zoo was also pelted with rocks by visitors. It survived its injuries.

To prevent future attacks on the kangaroos and other animals in the zoo–its ostriches have also been previous stoning targets–the zoo has promised to install more security cameras.

That’s a start, at least if zoo employees will actually keep an eye on what those cameras are recording. It would be more effective for the zoo to remove all possible projectiles and to immediately remove all brick-throwing visitors and have them charged with animal cruelty.

Even better would be removing the animals from the zoo and releasing them to sanctuaries.

Keeping animals in captivity may be entertaining to humans, but it’s unnatural and cruel for the animals. This is especially true in China, where lax animal welfare regulations make for miserable conditions in some zoos and wildlife parks.

As the tragic case of the kangaroo shows, visitors generally don’t have to worry about being punished for harming the animals.

Fortunately, things are looking up as animal lovers in China continue to lobby for better laws. Seven years ago, authorities from China’s State Forestry Agency ordered 53 zoos and wildlife parks to improve their conditions, and revoked the certifications of seven of them.

This agency, which has six teams that investigate more than 500 zoos and parks, needs to continue cracking down on these tourist attractions, so no other captive animals ever have to suffer as much as that poor kangaroo did.

This article was first published by Care2.com on 27 Apr 2018.